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Identity statement

Reference code(s)
GB0099 KCLMA Wintringham
Title
WINTRINGHAM, Capt Thomas Henry (1898-1949)
Date(s)
1891-1982
Extent and medium of the unit of description (quantity, bulk, or size)
23 boxes or 0.23 metres cubed

Context

Name of creator(s)

Wintringham, Thomas Henry, 1898-1945, socialist writer and military commentator

Administrative / Biographical history

Born 15 May 1898 in Grimsby, Lincolnshire. Educated at Gresham's School, Holt, 1910-1916. Served in the World War One as a mechanic and motorcycle dispatch rider, Royal Flying Corps, Jun 1916-[Feb] 1919; Balliol College, Oxford, 1918-1920; visited Moscow, 1920; joined Communist Party Great Britain (CPGB), Feb 1923; assistant editor of Workers Weekly , 1923-1925. Married Elizabeth Emma Arkwright, 31 Aug 1923; imprisoned for sedition, Nov 1925-Apr 1926; editor of Workers' Life, May 1926-Jan 1930; editor of Daily Worker , Jan 1930-[1936]; founder editor of the Left Review , 1936; military correspondent of the Daily Worker , 1936. Joined the British Bn, International Bde, fighting with Republican forces, Spanish Civil War, Aug 1936-Aug 1937; machine-gun instructor for 11 Bn and 12 Bn, Nov 1936; commanded British Bn, 15 International Bde, 1937; wounded, Feb 1937; instructor at Officer's Training School, Albacete, Jun 1937; rejoined 15 Bde as a staff officer; wounded in Aragon, 25 Aug 1937; returned to England, Nov 1937. Expelled from the Communist Party, Jul 1938; divorced Elizabeth, Feb 1940; married Katherine 'Kitty' Wise Bowler, 25 Jan 1941; set up the Osterley Park Training School to provide instruction to the Home Guard, Jun 1940-[Jun] 1941; co-founder of the Common Wealth Party, July 1942; unsuccessfully ran in the 1943 by-election as Common Wealth Party candidate for North-Midlothian; unsuccessfully ran in the 1945 General Election as Common Wealth Party candidate for Aldershot. Died 16 Aug 1949.

Publications:

  • The Coming World War (Wishart Books, London, 1935), revised edition (Lawrence and Wishart, 1936).
  • Mutiny. Being a survey of mutinies from Spartacus to Invergordon (Stanley Nott, London, 1936).
  • How to Reform the Army (Fact, London, 1939).
  • English Captain. Reminiscences of service in the International Brigade in the Spanish Civil War (Faber & Faber, London, 1939), second edition (Penguin, 1941).
  • Armies of Freemen (G Routledge & Sons, London, 1940).
  • New Ways of War (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth and New York, 1940).
  • Deadlock war (Faber & Faber, London, 1940).
  • Blitzkrieg by Ferdinand Otto Miksche, translated and with introduction by Tom Wintringham (Faber & Faber, London, 1941).
  • The Politics of Victory (G Routledge & Sons, London, 1941).
  • Freedom is our weapon. A policy for army reform (Kegan Paul & Co, London, 1941).
  • Guerrilla Warfare by Albert Yank Levy, ghosted and with an introduction by Tom Wintringham (Penguin, 1941).
  • Peoples' War (Penguin, Harmondsworth and New York, 1942).
  • Weapons and Tactics (Faber & Faber, London, 1943), reprinted with Col John Nicholas Blashford-Snell, (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1973).
  • We're going on!: the collected poems of Tom Wintringham, edited by Hugh Purcell (Smokestack, Middlesbrough, 2006).
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Placed in the Centre by the Wintringham family in 1998, second accession 2004.

Content & structure

Scope and content

Papers of Tom Wintringham and his second wife Katherine 'Kitty' Wintringham ( née Bowler), 1891-1982. Papers of Tom Wintringham relating to the Home Guard include correspondence, articles, radio broadcasts, press cuttings, photograph, report, lecture transcripts and training exercises. Papers relating to the Common Wealth Party including correspondence, photographs, minutes, publications, papers on Common Wealth Party policy, formation, resignations, libel charges, election campaigns and conferences. Other papers relating to Tom Wintringham including papers from his time at Balliol College, Oxford, 1918-1920; Wintringham's visit to Moscow, 1920; various inventions by Wintringham, 1929-1949; the Communist Party, 1933-1944; British economic crisis, 1947, and obituaries and biographical articles. Wintringham's correspondence includes his school days, First World War, prison, Spanish Civil War, Home Guard, Common Wealth Party and general personal and professional correspondence; Kitty's correspondence includes Spanish Civil War, the Common Wealth Party and general personal and professional correspondence. Photographs notably cover the Spanish Civil War, Home Guard, Common Wealth Party, Tom and Kitty Wintringham, their children, friends and family. Writings by Wintringham include draft and published articles (chiefly for the Picture Post , the Tribune , the Daily Herald and the Daily Mirror ), drafts of published and unpublished books, scripts, reviews, notes, short stories and essays. Draft articles by Kitty. Poems by Wintringham and others on topics including World War One and the Spanish Civil War, 1910-1950 and printed material, 1923-1950.

System of arrangement

Papers are arranged in sections as follows: Spanish Civil War, Home Guard, Common Wealth Party, other papers relating to Tom Wintringham (excluding Spanish Civil War, Home Guard and Common Wealth Party), books by Wintringham, articles and other writings by Wintringham, articles by Kitty Wintringham, Wintringham's correspondence, Kitty Wintringham's correspondence, photographs, poems and printed material. Photographs and correspondence for the Spanish Civil War, the Home Guard and the Common Wealth Party have not been placed in 'Photographs' and 'Correspondence' but have remained in their respective sections.

Conditions of access & use

Conditions governing access

Open, subject to signature of Reader's undertaking form, and appropriate provision of two forms of identification, to include one photographic ID.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be provided for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Language/scripts of material

English, with a small number of items in Spanish, German, French, Russian and Arabic.

Finding aids

Detailed catalogue available online and in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Allied materials

Existence and location of originals

King's College London College Archives

Related units of description

Collections also relating to the Spanish Civil War located in the Liddell Hart Centre include parts of the Bryant and Liddell Hart papers.

The Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives holds the following archives relating to Tom Wintringham: correspondence between Capt Tom Wintringham and Sir Basil Liddell Hart, 1938-1943 (LIDDELL: 1/758 and 9/22/7); article 'The War Office' by Wintringham in The Political Quarterly, Jun 1942 (LIDDELL: 13/17); Review by Liddell Hart of Deadlock war (Faber and Faber, London, 1940) by Wintringham, in The Listener, 2 Apr 1940 (LIDDELL: 10/1940/14) and papers of Lt Col Ferdinand Otto Miksche, (MIKSCHE) with whom Wintringham wrote Blitzkrieg , including correspondence with Wintringham. The centre also holds the following publications by Wintringham in the Liddell Hart Library: The Coming World War ; English Captain ; Weapons and Tactics ; Freedom is our Weapon ; New Ways of War ; Deadlock War ; Blitzkrieg , and How to Reform the Army .

Description control

Archivist's Note

Sources: Who was who.

Entry compiled by Geoff Browell; revised by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions

Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

This catalogue is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. This catalogue may be updated from time to time in order to reflect additional material and/or new understandings of the material.

Date(s) of descriptions

May 2003, Jun 2007

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Subjects

  • Armed forces
  • Civil war
  • Collectivism
  • Communication process
  • Communism
  • Diaries
  • Documents
  • Guerilla warfare
  • Higher science education
  • Information sources
  • International conflicts
  • International relations
  • Journalism
  • Labour relations
  • Literary forms and genres
  • Literature
  • Military education
  • Military engineering
  • Military organizations
  • Newspaper press
  • Nonfiction
  • Organizations
  • Persuasion
  • Poetry
  • Political doctrines
  • Political movements
  • Press
  • Press cuttings
  • Primary documents
  • Propaganda
  • Prose
  • Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)
  • State security
  • Trade unions
  • War
  • War diaries
  • War propaganda
  • Warfare
  • Wars (events)
  • World War Two (1939-1945)
  • World wars (events)

Personal names

  • Bowler, Katherine, fl 1936
  • Hopkinson, Tom, fl ? 1953
  • Liddell Hart, Sir, Basil Henry, 1895-1970, Knight, Captain, military historian
  • Strachey, Evelyn John St Loe, 1901-1963, statesman and political thinker
  • Wintringham, Thomas Henry, 1898-1945, socialist writer and military commentator
  • Wintringham, Thomas Henry, 1898-1945, socialist writer and military commentator

Corporate names

  • Common Wealth Party
  • Home Guard
  • International Brigade
  • Picture Post

Places

  • India, South Asia
  • London, England
  • Osterley, Middlesex, England
  • Palestine, Middle East
  • USSR, Eastern Europe
  • Yugoslavia, Eastern Europe

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