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Young's Essay on Tobago

The reach of the Orinoco River, page 33

[page 33]

sacred Office,- the character of a Paramount Proprietary,
Gentry, and rulers of the Country;- for in this wide district
distant from the Capital of the Province, with no attractions
to Spanish Hidalgos,- The Influence of the Priest is left delegate
for the Power of the Governer.
         Guiana Vecchia, on transfer of the seat of Government,
to its present station higher up the River, and on the more
elevated & healthy Country, on its southern shore, was, a Century
passd, abandond by the Spaniards to a poor and mixd race of
Creole Inhabitants;- and this place of little consideration apart,
there are no Towns other than Indian, nor any places of Trade
on the Banks of the Oronooko, untill 350 miles from the
mouth of the River, The vessel reaches the Citadel & Town
of Nova Guiana, with its commercial suburb of Angusturas:
Nova Guiana is the seat of Government, for the Provinces
of Guiana, Venzuela, [Cariacar?], & other Provinces in the Interior,
to which the Oronooko is represented as navigable, for Six
Hundred miles above Angusturas, or to nearly one Thousand
miles from the sea.
         Below Angusturas Commerce can be little extended
to more than a Barter for mules and oxen, in which a few
British Cloths & Cottons might be taken, for supply of the

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